16 Mar Matthew 5:35

35 or by the earth, for it is the footstool of His feet, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King.

The next two types of oaths were “by the earth” and “by Jerusalem.” Again, people would avoid keeping their commitments because they would say circumstances prevented them from doing so. Do you use the excuse of “circumstances beyond my control” to violate a commitment made to others?